The Child Protection Area of Responsibility 2017 Annual Survey was completed by 20 Child Protection (CP) Coordinators, representing CP Coordination Groups in Humanitarian Coordinator or Early Warning contexts, to track trends and progress in child protection coordination and determine how the CP AoR can better support field-based coordination. Click here>> for the final report of the results to learn more about coordination structures, child protection coordination group needs and responses, utilization and application of the Child Protection Minimum Standards (CPMS), and perceptions of global support.
The CP AoR is pleased to share the NEW October 2017 Mobile Programming Key Considerations and related Resource Menu.
The CP AoR Help Desk has received a number of requests for guidance and examples of mobile programming over the last several months. Thus, in response, the AoR team in collaboration with a number of field-based CP coordinators developed these key considerations to be used when deciding if a mobile approach is contextually appropriate and for design of mobile interventions.
The term “guidance” is intentionally avoided as the key considerations reflect a more immediate working document to support field coordinators. As such, these should be updated as often as necessary, as an interim resource, while the Alliance Community-based Child Protection Task Force is developing a more comprehensive guide.
Click here for the Resource Menu in English, which includes examples gathered from the CP AoR, Global Protection Cluster, and GBV AoR and represents promising practices in the area of protection-related mobile service delivery, and here to view the English Mobile Programming Key Considerations.
Click here>> for the CPIMS+/Primero Key Messages, finalised October 2017 by the CPIMS Steering Committee.
The CPIMS+ is a module of the Primero software platform and is much more than software: It is part of an integrated approach to child protection information management, accompanied by a package of services and tools that are designed to promote quality case management and positive outcomes for vulnerable children.
This Key Messages document describes how the CPIMS+ can complement an already existing case management system for more effective and efficient case management services. It also outlines the purpose and functions of the CPIMS+, prerequisites and criteria for country prioritisation and roll out, necessary resources, and phases of the roll out if appropriate within a particular context. Prequisites include but are not limited to the following:
- Established and functional CP coordination body
- Existing Inter-Agency Case Management SoPs (including updated referral pathways)
- Harmonised Inter Agency Case Management Forms
- Provision of quality case management services by trained, qualified staff to at least 100-200 children on a regular basis
In January 2016, in Dibaya, Central Kasaï, a dispute erupted over complex claims regarding customary law, natural resources, and land issues. Since then, a multilayered conflict has developed in which over 1.4 million people have been displaced, and more than 3,300 in the greater Kasaï region have died between August 2016 and June 2017. The population, particularly the children, live in a state of deep shock and panic, and many are used as combatants and exposed to sexual violence, torture, and family separation. For more on the Child Protection Situation, click here for English>> and here for French>>.
*Source: All data is based on the DRC Secondary Data Review completed by the Global Child Protection Area of Responsibility (CP AoR), the DRC Child Protection Working Group, and Global Education Cluster. For more info: http://bit.ly/2uC711c - July 2017
<Click Here> to read the newsletter about Niger's Child Protection work on effective responses for unaccompanied and separated children and integration of child protection into nutrition interventions. The newsletter also provides an update on a recent workshop held for eight Francophone countries focusing on strengthening the role and involvement of government in child protection coordination, preparedness, and response.
Continued armed violence and the existing volatile and complex security situation make Somalia a hostile environment for children. The drought exacerbates the already precarious situation for children in Somalia. With 6.7 million people being food insecure, existing vulnerabilities of children and families are aggravated. The drought is also uprooting people, with 714,000 displaced since November 2016, adding to the 1.1 million existing internally displaced persons (IDPs). This includes 158,000 newly displaced in Baidoa and 154,000 in Mogadishu since the start of the crisis. Children’s rights and wellbeing are disastrously impacted when families are forced to make difficult decisions about survival.
The CP AoR deployed a Rapid Response Team member (RRT) and loaned an information management expert from the Global Cluster Coordination Unit for a total of 10 weeks: Petra Heusser, RRT Coordination specialist, and Ramy Zaki, Information Management specialist.
The deployees, together with UNICEF and local CPWG leads and co-leads, carried out three 4-day Child Protection in Emergencies and Coordination trainings in Hargeisa, Baidoa and Mogadishu, thereby training 68 local Child Protection Working Group (CPWG) members.
“The workshops held with local participants from all drought-affected Somali regions built on existing knowledge and helped to create a standardized understanding of child protection in emergencies and child protection coordination among the local government and humanitarian actors. The trainings led to increased recognition of the importance of mainstreaming child protection into other clusters, understanding of how the CPMS can to lead to more quality activities, as well as improved skills to engage with communities, other humanitarian actors and child survivors of abuse, neglect, exploitation, violence,” said Petra.
One training participant in Baidoa, a severely drought-affected area, said: “I realized that Child Protection in Emergencies is the business of everyone! With this training, we’ll move forward with a better team work in the Child Protection Working Group.”
*Petra Heusser is a child protection coordination expert, seconded by SDC to the Child Protection AoR Rapid Response Team for the third year, and Ramy Zaki is an information management expert with the Global Cluster Coordination Unit at UNICEF.
The first of four Child Protection in Emergencies (CPIE) / Child Protection Minimum Standards (CPMS) trainings has started in Ecuador. The first training is in Pedernales: one of the earthquake-impacted areas. Next, the training will be repeated in a 3-day training in Esmeraldas, then in Quito, and then in Lago Agrio.
The facilitator, Iune Baravalle is on loan to UNICEF Ecuador from her secondment from the Danish Refugee Council to UNICEF Columbia.
Another CPIE / CPMS training will be held on 6 and 7 April in Tbilisi. 21.7% of all children live under the poverty line in Georgia and are repeatedly exposed to increased risks when natural disaster such as floods, landslides, mudflows, earthquakes, storm winds or droughts strike. In an efforts to increase and improve preparedness and response capacity of child protection actors in humanitarian action, representatives of Government and civil society will particpate in this two-day training. The 20+ participants will learn to identify general child protection issues in different emergency contexts, to describe the impact of emergencies on children as well as the scope and range of child protection interventions in humanitarian action. At the end of the workshop, participants will know the purpose and nature of an orientation on child protection minimum standards, including child protection coordination in humanitarian contexts.
The CP AoR and the Child Protection Minimum Standards Working Group (CPMS WG) helped to identify the facilitators for all of these events. The CPMS WG is funding part of the workshop in Georgia.
For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sanchia Thimanna is a student of Development Studies at the Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies in Geneva. She is currently working on her master’s thesis which deals with the education of adolescent girls belonging to vulnerable castes and tribes in India. Preivously, she has worked with children in slum clusters and their access to quality schooling, and in a leprosy-afflicted rehabilitation village on children with physical and cognitive impairments. It is our privilege to welcome Sanchia to the Global Child Protection AoR as our new intern.
An estimated 10.2 million girls and boys are at imminent risk of violence, exploitation, abuse, neglect, and death from severe acute malnutrition as result of famine currently affecting more than 5.8 million in South Sudan as well as the food crisis in Somalia, causing 6.2 million more to be food insecure. This food crisis may extend to Ethiopia and Kenya, putting an additional 8.3 million people at risk. There is urgent need to ensure children’s specific needs are taken into account with both stand-alone actions and enhanced mainstreaming and integration efforts.
Existing vulnerabilities of children and families are exacerbated in famine, particularly in conflict-affected countries. Children’s rights and wellbeing are often disastrously affected when families are forced to make difficult decisions about survival. Children drop out of school to search for food, may be forced into marriages or hazardous child labour, face increased levels of physical and sexual abuse and a greater likelihood of abduction and trafficking, or are left behind or alone by parents who are searching for food.
Reports from Kenya, for example, highlight increasing protection concerns for vulnerable and affected children, including children from pastoral communities, those in urban settlements and spontaneous sites, as well as school dropout children. During the drought season, there is a heightened risk of family separation, child marriage, child labor and physical and sexual violence against vulnerable women and children who walk long distances in search of water and livelihood. Furthermore, an increase in the number of children living in the streets in arid and semi-arid counties has been observed. Overall in the Horn of Africa, high levels of mobility are being observed with large numbers of women and children concentrating around water points.
One of the major challenges is limited funding for the child protection response. Ethiopia’s child protection response, for instance, is less than 10% funded. This is representing a serious constraint and hampers rapid and efficient prevention and response to violence, exploitation and abuse against children. Another constraint remains limited access due to conflict and insecurity but also geographical reasons, in particular in South Sudan and Somalia.
In view of the intensifying humanitarian situation, the CP AoR is exchanging with coordinators, child protection organizations at global level and other global level Clusters to identify areas of collaboration in assessments, response and advocacy. Child Fund, IOM, IRC, Plan International, Save the Children, The Alliance, UNHCR, and World Vision all shared updates on their response plans and decided to jointly advocate for attention to child protection, child protection mainstreaming in other sectors and increased funding for this response.
While time is running out for more than a million children, many lives can be saved and children protected from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect.
Word from Michael Copland, the Global CP AoR Coordinator
CP AOR Governance
As part of the development of a new governance structure the CP AoR is reaching out through coordination groups to local agencies to ensure the level of contribution of local actors is better reflected in the CP AoR structure which in turn is better aligned and connected with regional and country level through direct representation. The process is detailed but will hopefully lay the foundations for the CP AoR to further enhance the quality of field services as well as advocacy and referrals for guidance development to dedicated bodies such as the Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action.
Promotion of GBV Integration
As part of the CP AoR push to ensure stronger linkages across other coordination groups, based on the request of the child protection country coordination mechanism, the CP AoR has deployed a Gender Based Violence specialist, Megan Lind to Nigeria, to work in cooperation with the GBV AoR to ensure integration of IASC guidelines on GBV including strengthening coordination from child protection on GBV. Megan has returned from Maiduguri mid - March and we look forward to hearing more on her mission and the learning for other contexts.
Having all recently recovered from what was the HNO HRP process 2016, we are keen to support those in the field and push for greater efficiencies in what can be a heavy process, and also to ensure that child protection is receiving attention consistent with the level of needs and scale of required response. To that end we have been working with field based coordinators, collecting data to ensure that advocacy is evidence based (a big thanks for all the inputs).
Identifying and Filling Gaps
Based on feedback in the last quarter of 2016 and analysis of regional focal points and the helpdesk we have identified a critical global gap in guidance, namely in areas linked to mobile programming and remote and third party monitoring. With thanks to all the colleagues involved in sharing emerging practice and gaps, we will be elevating this need for longer term support in the form of guidance development.
With a noticeable shift from donors and UN agencies towards encouraging third party monitoring of programmes - that is, having programme monitoring undertaken by an external group that is not the implementing organization - particularly in large-scale responses, or those with hard-to-reach areas, the lack of guidance specific to child protection, and the safeguarding implications to having external, non-child protection actors monitor and interact with children on potentially sensitive programme areas has been raised as a gap by a small number of contexts. Further research into this areas is required to understand the needs, and there may be need to develop guidance for child protection actors, as well as those looking to fund or implement this monitoring approach to child protection programmes.
In a related vein, in some emergency contexts, the ability to access communities and deliver programmes directly is either challenging or not possible, resulting in programming and services being delivered remotely. This, in turn, raises the need to monitor programmes remotely, without necessarily the traditional staples of direct observation and interaction with the benefiting communities. In contexts where remote programming is underway, child protection actors are considering the particular needs for how to monitor programmes effectively, ensure a strong feedback loop for improvement, and whether additional and adaptive capacity needs are required for this approach. Some of this work will overlap with the piloting of the Situation and Response Monitoring Toolkit in such contexts, notably Syria.